Existing Land Use

EXISTING LANDUSE

 

7.1 INTRODUCTION

 

           The term land use is generally adopted to mean man’s activities which are directly related to the land .Land use can be defined as activity related to the land. For the preparation of master plan urban land use studies ,which are the basic information required for   town planning .Knowledge of how a town or a city is using its land ,is a starting point for planning the town or a city .Detailed information regarding the use to which each property of land is being put and of the use ,character,condition,height,size of all building and structures and their spaces is essential for the preparation of master plan.

 

Any data relating to land, especially data on land use necessarily refers to a defined point in time. The simplest situation is to record present activities or present improvements on land. An attempt to record past changes in land use, expect by such clear identification of the situation at specified point of time, will almost certainly lead to confusion.

 

The major component of master plan has always been the land use, which in turn necessitated the collection of detailed information about the land, its basic physical qualities, its present use, and it potentialities. Land use survey has to be carefully planned and programmed in advance. It is also necessary to study as how the survey has to be organized and conducted and in what form the data will be collected, tabulated and presented for study and application.

 

The categories of land use adopted are: residential, commercial, industrial, public and semi-public, parks and playgrounds, transportation and communication, public utilities agricultural and vacant land.

 

 For CHIKMAGALUR CITY , the preparation of master plan for the city began in the year 1972. Under the provisions of section 4(a) of of the Karnataka Town and Country Planning Act, 1961, in Government notification No.HMA.60.TTP.77.date 12-08-1977 declared the “ Chikmagalur City planning area”. Government   in Notification No.HUD.90 TTP.77(4) dated 03-11-1981,constituted the planning authority .An outline development plan for the city was prepared and submitted to the Government vide No .HUD.405 TTP.81(C) dated 28-12-1982 have provisionally approved the outline development plan and finally approved the same vide order No.HUD.336 TTP .84 dated 24-08-1984.

 

The planning authority has been now merged with the newly constituted chikmagalur urban development authority as per Karnataka Urban Development authorities act, 1987. Hence forth comprehensive Development plan for chikmagalur local planning area has been provisionally approved by Government vide order no HUD 316 TTP 92 dated 30-12-92 and finally approved vide order No HUD 324 TTP 96 dated 11-12-1996.

 

According to the approved master plan the existing and proposed land use as       follows

 

   Table-24: Land use analysis 1990 and 1996

 

Sl. No.

 

 

Particular

Existing   land use (1990)

Proposed land use (1996)

Area in Ha.

% of Area

Developed

Area in Ha.

%of Area

Developed

1

Residential

252.15

29.29

869.62

54.35

2

Commercial

25.99

3.02

70.52

4.40

3

Industrial

30.32

3.53

89.41

5.59

4

Public and semi

Public

76.29

8.87

137.93

8.62

5

Park and open

Space

72.17

8.39

181.91

11.37

6

Public utilities

3.90

0.45

3.90

0.24

6

Transportation and communication

117.31

13.62

236.01

14.76

7

Vacant

278.73

32.37

-

-

8

Water sheet

 

 

10.70

0.67

Total

 

 

1600.00

100.00

 

Under the provisions of section 13(D) of Karnataka Town and Country Planning Act, 1961 at    least once in every ten years a revision of master plan has to be made. With a view to revising the existing master plan and the provisions of section 9 to section 12 (both inclusive) shall mutatis mutandis apply in respect of such revision of the master plan.

 

Hence a survey was conducted to study the various uses for which the land is being utilized. The existing land-use analysis is given in table No 25.   

 

 

 

  

   Table-25: Land use analysis 2007

 

Sl.

No.

 

Particular

Existing   land use (2007)

Area in ha.

% of area

developed

1

Residential

501.24

47.02

2

Commercial

47.84

4.49

3

Industrial

68.51

6.43

4

Public And Semi

Public

130.05

12.20

5

Park And Open

Space

72.86

6.83

6

Public Utilities

7.20

0.68

7

Transportation And Communication

238.31

22.36

 

Total

1066.01

100.00

8

Water Sheet

4.32

 

Grand total

1070.33

 

 

For the purpose of analysis, only the built up area is taken into consideration. The    total built up area of the city is 1066.01 hectares.

 

  7.2: RESIDENTIAL USE

 

The total area covered under residential use is 501.24 hectares. This works out to 47.02%     of the total built up area. The net residential density of popu­lation, as per 2001 census works out to be 202 persons per hectare. Under the residential use, both public and private housing are included. The residential development is mainly towards the south of the chikmagalur city and also alalong the state Highway of chikmagalur –Hassan and it extends in the form of ribbon development from east to west. Development can be observed all along the Tarikere -Billikere road and also in the Mallundur road. New extensions are coming up along these roads.

 

In general, the residential development activity is not on par with the growth of population. Due to lack of proper control, many private layouts have sprung up making haphazard growth with substandard layouts. In most of the residential areas, mixed land use can also be observed. This is so parti­cularly along the major roads which connect the city with other urban centers.

7.3: COMMERCIAL USE

 

The area under commercial use is 47.84 hectares forming 4.49% of the total built-up area. Under Commer­cial use, the areas utilized for retail business, whole-Sale business, storage godowns, ware-houses, cinema theatres, hotels etc., are included.

 

At present, there is one wholesale market yard in Chikmagalur City, established by the Agricultural Produce Marketing Committee, Chikmagalur. The major commercial activity is the retail trade. The retail business is mainly concentrated in the old Town area i.e. on the M.G road and I.G road. Actually the area serves as the C.B.D. of Chikmagalur city. A municipal market is also located in the Market area which is also a commercial hub. There are no commercial complexes in Chikmagalur city. Retail shops can also be seen along the major roads of the city such as Kadur -Mangalore state Highway, Tarikere –Billikere state highway and majorly service industries can be found on     Mallundur road.

 

A weekly Bazaar is held in the open space along the M.G road as well as on Market road and on every Wednesday where retail trade as well as barter trade is also conducted. Street marketing is also a common practice among the major roads.

 

  7.4: INDUSTRIAL USE

 

            The total area under industrial use is 68.51 hectares which accounts for only 6.43       % of the total built-up area.

 

 The industrial use is concentrated in the south-eastern part of the city and towards Mangalore road. The major part of the area under industrial use is covered by the coffee curing works in which Amalgamated bean coffee which is a major coffee curing unit along the Mangalore road. An industrial area is located at Amble village about seven kms from Chikmagalur Town. Apart from these predominant features, there are many Saw mills. It is also observed that many saw mills units are located in the agricultural zone around the City.

 

7.5: PUBLIC AND SEMI-PUBLIC USE

 

The area under public and semi-public uses is about 130.05 hectares which accounts for 12.20% of the total built-up area. This includes the area utilized for public offices, educational institutions and hospitals. The major offices in the city are the District Offices, the Public Works Department Office, the Municipal Office, the Taluk office which are located in Government buildings. Most of the other offices are run in private buildings on rental basis in resi­dential areas.

Among the educational institutions, the important ones are the A.I.T Engineering College, I.D.S.G College, B.E.D College, Government Boys High School, and D.A.C.G College etc. There are a number of other Primary and Upper Primary Schools in the city. The General Hospital of Chikmagalur City, the District laboratory and the Health and Family Planning Centre are the other important buildings which cover a large extent of the area under this use.

 

7.6: PARKS PLAYGROUNDS AND OPEN SPACES

 

The area of 72.86 hectares is covered under this use, forming only 6.83 per cent of the total developed area. This is of course very low when compared to the size and population of the city.

 

The only park which is located on the hill in kempanahalli area near District reserve police is Mahatma Gandhi Park. Tilak Park is maintained by the City Munici­pality. There are open Spaces in front of the District Offices, Municipal office, The Government boy’s High School and the I.D.S.G College. Play grounds are not found adequately in the city. There is only one stadium next to B.E.D College. There are small bits of playgrounds near some of the Schools.

 

7.7: PUBLIC UTILITY

 

The area covered by the Water reservoirs, Karnataka electricity Board area with sub-station, Sewage treatment plant and drainage and sanitary installations are included in this use. The total area under this use is about 7.20 hectares, which accounts for 0.68% of the total built-up area.

 

7.8: TRAFFIC AND TRANSPORTATION

 

The area under traffic and transportation is 238.31 hectares forming 22.36% of the total built-up area. The major share of this use is covered by the State Highways and the railway line which runs for about 5 kms. The area covered by the bus-stand, railway station is very less and they are congested. The road pattern and the related problems are discussed in a separate chapter.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

7.9: LAND USE DETAILS OF OTHER VILLAGES

 

 The villages such as Allampur, Beekanahalli, Hampapura, Iyanahalli, Indavara, Nallur, and Tegur, lie within the limits of local planning area but outside the municipality limit. Hence a survey was conducted of all the said villages to study the various uses for which the land is being utilized. The existing land-use analysis of all the villages is as follows.   

 

7.10: ALLAMPUR VILLAGE

 

Table-25a: Existing    Land use analysis

 

Sl.no

 

Particular

Existing   land use (2007)

Area in ha.

% of area

Developed

1

Residential

3.17

29.74

2

Commercial

0.13

1.23

3

Industrial

2.63

24.66

4

Public And Semi

Public

0.61

5.75

5

Park And Open

Space

0.25

2.36

6

Public Utilities

0.01

0.14

7

Transportation And Communication

2.36

22.14

8

Vacant Area

1.49

13.99

Total

10.66

100.00

 

 

From the above table it is found the total area covered under residential use is 3.17 hectares. This works out to 29.74 percent    of the total built up area. The net residential density of popu­lation, as per 2001 census works out to be 202 persons per hectare. The residential developments is mainly towards Tarikere –Billikere state highway and some of the interior parts .Not much of the commercial activity is seen.

 

The area under public and semi-public uses is about 0.61 hectares which accounts for 5.75 percent of the total built-up area. That is due to the existence of higher Govt School and temples.

 

 

 The total area under industrial use is 2.63 hectares which accounts for only   24.66 % of the total built-up area. The industrial percentage is more due to existence of saw mill in the village.

 

7.11: BEEKANAHALLI VILLAGE AND HAMPAPURA VILLAGE

 

Table-25b:   Land use analysis

 

Sl.no

 

 

Particular

Beekanahalli

Hampapura

Area in ha.

%of area

Developed

Area in ha

%of area

Developed

1

Residential

4.22

35.86

1.42

47.85

2

Commercial

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

3

Industrial

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

4

Public And Semi

Public

3.98

33.82

0.13

4.44

5

Park And Open

Space

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

6

Public Utilities

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

7

Transportation And

 Communication

2.54

21.57

1.16

39.08

8

Vacant

1.03

8.75

0.26

8.63

Total

11.77

100.00

1.01

100.00

 

 

 

From the above table it is found in Beekanahalli village the total area covered under residential use is 4.22 hectares. This works out to 35.86 percent of the total built up area. The net residential density of popu­lation, as per 2001 census works out to be 309 persons per hectare. The residential development is mainly on the main roads and some of the interior parts. The commercial activity is not at all seen.

 

The area under public and semi-public uses is about 3.98 hectares which accounts for 33.82 percent of the total built-up area. That is due to the existence of Murarji higher primary School and temples. The industrial development is also not seen in these parts.

 

From the above table it is found in Hampapura village the total area covered under residential use is 1.42 hectares. This works out to 47.85 percent of the total built up area. The net residential density of popu­lation, as per 2001 census works out to be 483 persons per hectare. Majorly residential development is seen .other developments are not found. Both the villages are connected by the same road and situated nearly .Hence the infrastructure is shared by both the villages.

            

7.12: INDAVARA VILLAGE AND NALLUR VILLAGE

 

Table-25c: Land use analysis

 

Sl.no

 

 

Particular

Indavara

Nallur

Area in ha

%of area

Developed

Area in ha

%of area

Developed

1

Residential

4.19

22.03

1.38

23.64

2

Commercial

0.02

0.08

0.00

0.00

3

Industrial

0.00

0.00

1.78

30.59

4

Public and semi

public

0.88

4.62

0.13

2.18

5

Park and open

space

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

6

Public utilities

10.14

53.28

0.00

0.00

7

transportation and

 communication

3.25

17.05

0.95

16.30

8

Vacant

0.56

2.94

1.59

27.29

Total

19.03

100.00

5.82

100.00

 

 

From the above table it is found in Indavara village the total area covered under residential use is 4.19 hectares. This works out to 22.03 percent of the total built up area. The net residential density of popu­lation, as per 2001 census works out to be 365 persons per hectare. The residential development is mainly on the main roads and some of the interior parts. Some of the commercial activity is seen on the road side.

 

The area under public-utilities is about 10.14 hectares which accounts for 53.28 percent of the total built-up area. That is due to the existence of dumping the solid waste of Chikmagalur city.

 

From the above table it is found in Nallur village the total area covered under residential use is 1.38 hectares. This works out to 23.64 percent of the total built up area. The net residential density of popu­lation, as per 2001 census works out to be 500 persons per hectare. Majorly residential development and industrial development are seen that is due to the presence of saw mill.

    

7.13: TEGUR VILLAGE AND IYANAHALLI VILLAGE

 

Table-25d: Land use analysis

 

Sl.no

 

Particular

Tegur

Iyanahalli

Area in ha

%of area

developed

Area in ha

%of area

Developed

1

Residential

4.32

48.75

0.41

40.67

2

Commercial

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

3

Industrial

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

4

Public and semi

Public

1.26

14.28

0.00

0.00

5

Park and open

Space

0.02

0.25

0.00

0.00

6

Public utilities

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

7

Transportation and

 Communication

2.21

24.91

0.60

59.33

8

Vacant

1.05

11.81

0.00

0.00

Total

8.86

100.00

1.01

100.00

 

 

From the above table it is found in Tegur village the total area covered under residential use is 4.32 hectares. This works out to 48.75 percent of the total built up area. The net residential density of popu­lation, as per 2001 census works out to be 447 persons per hectare. The residential development is mainly on the main roads and some of the interior parts. Some of the commercial activity is seen on the road side.

 

The area under public-utilities is about 10.14 hectares which accounts for 53.28 percent of the total built-up area. That is due to the existence of dumping the solid waste of Chikmagalur city.

 

From the above table it is found in Iyanahalli village the total area covered under residential use is 0.41 hectares. This works out to 40.67 percent of the total built up area. The net residential density of popu­lation, as per 2001 census works out to be 219 persons per hectare.0nly residential development is seen is this village.